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圣诞节的英文_圣诞节的英文怎么读

北京pk10赔率最高的台子SHENGDANJIEDEYINGWEN QIUYIPIANYONGYINGWENJIESHAOSHENGDANJIEDEWENZHANG。 WENTIBUCHONG:QIUYIPIANYONGYINGWENJIESHAOSHENGDANJIEDEWENZHANG。 Christmas (IPA: /kr?sm?s/), also referred to a…

圣诞节的英文

求一篇用英文介绍圣诞节的文章。

  • 问题补充:求一篇用英文介绍圣诞节的文章。
  • Christmas (IPA: /kr?sm?s/), also referred to as Christmas Day or Christmastide, is an annual holiday celebrated on December 25 that marks and honors the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.[2][3][4] His birth, which is the basis for the anno Domini system of dating, has been determined by modern historians as having occurred between 7 and 2 BC. The date of celebration is not thought to be Jesus' actual date of birth. It may have been chosen to coincide with the winter solstice,[5] which the ancient Romans celebrated on December 25.[6]Modern customs of the holiday include gift-giving, church celebrations, and the display of various decorations—including the Christmas tree, lights, mistletoe, nativity scenes and holly. Santa Claus (also referred to as Father Christmas, although the two figures have different origins) is a popular mythological figure often associated with bringing gifts at Christmas. Santa is generally believed to be the result of a syncretization between St. Nicholas of Myra and elements from pagan Nordic and Christian mythology, and his modern appearance is believed to have originated in 19th century media.Christmas is celebrated throughout the Christian population, but is also celebrated by many non-Christians as a secular, cultural festival. The holiday is widely celebrated around the world, including in the United States, where it is celebrated by 96% of the population.[7] Some Orthodox groups celebrate Christmas on or near January 7, as January 7 corresponds to December 25 using the Julian calendar.[8] Because gift-giving and several other aspects of the holiday involve heightened economic activity among both Christians and non-Christians, Christmas has become a major event for many retailers.EtymologyThe word Christmas originated as a compound meaning "Christ's mass". It is derived from the Middle EnglishChristemasse and Old EnglishCristes m?sse, a phrase first recorded in 1038.[4] "Cristes" is from Greek christos and "m?sse" is from Latin missa. In early Greek versions of the New Testament, the letter Χ (chi), is the first letter of Christ. Since the mid-16th century Χ, or the similar Roman letter X, has been used as an abbreviation for Christ.[9] Hence, Xmas is often used as an abbreviation for Christmas.After the conversion of Anglo-Saxon Britain in the very early 7th century, Christmas was referred to as geol,[4] the name of the pre-Christian winter festival from which the current English word 'Yule' is derived.[10]HistoryFor many centuries, Christian writers accepted that Christmas was the actual date on which Jesus was born.[11] In the early eighteenth century, scholars began proposing alternative explanations. Isaac Newton argued that the date of Christmas was selected to correspond with the winter solstice,[5] which in ancient times was marked on December 25. In 1743, German Protestant Paul Ernst Jablonski argued Christmas was placed on December 25 to correspond with the Roman solar holiday Dies Natalis Solis Invicti and was therefore a "paganization" that debased the true church.[12] In 1889, Louis Duchesne suggested that the date of Christmas was calculated as nine months after March 25, the traditional date of the conception of Jesus.[13] On the Roman calendar, March 25 was the date of the spring equinox.[14] In modern times, it is celebrated as Annunciation.[15]
  • 如何用英文介绍圣诞节或万圣节?

  • 问题补充:如何用英文介绍圣诞节或万圣节?
  • 圣诞的一些传统和习俗吗?英文简短介绍?December 25th is Christmas Day. On Christmas Day, many people will have big parties. They like eating turkey(火鸡), fruits and drinking some juice for supper. After supper, many people will go out for shopping and walking (walk) with their children. There are a lot of special things: Christmas trees, socks, Christmas card and some presents. So in Christmas Day, all the families are very happy. 12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我国过春节。 圣诞节的由来耶稣的生日究竞是哪一天,其实早无据可查。为什么要把12月25日定为圣诞节呢?这是在5世纪中叶由教会规定的。公元354年,在“菲洛卡连”日历中第一次写明12月25日是耶稣的生日,到5世纪西方普遍接受了这个日期为圣诞节。 西方人以红、绿、白三色为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。它是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍伐来的杉、柏一类呈塔形的常青树装饰而成。上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞蜡烛。 红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。 注:不是英汉对照!上面是英文简介,下面是汉语资料! 展开其他相似回答 (3) 隐藏其他相似回答 (3) 举报 60.208.215.* 2009-3-2 下午12:31:17  lzq8383  0 0 圣诞的一些传统和习俗吗?英文简短介绍?December 25th is Christmas Day. On Christmas Day, many people will have big parties. They like eating turkey(火鸡), fruits and drinking some juice for supper. After supper, many people will go out for shopping and walking (walk) with their children. There are a lot of special things: Christmas trees, socks, Christmas card and some presents. So in Christmas Day, all the families are very happy. 12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我国过春节。 圣诞节的由来耶稣的生日究竞是哪一天,其实早无据可查。为什么要把12月25日定为圣诞节呢?这是在5世纪中叶由教会规定的。公元354年,在“菲洛卡连”日历中第一次写明12月25日是耶稣的生日,到5世纪西方普遍接受了这个日期为圣诞节。 西方人以红、绿、白三色为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。它是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍伐来的杉、柏一类呈塔形的常青树装饰而成。上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞蜡烛。 红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。 注:不是英汉对照!上面是英文简介,下面是汉语资料! 举报 61.187.214.* 2009-3-2 下午12:31:18  2893776 ——————————————————————————–  0 0 圣诞的一些传统和习俗吗?英文简短介绍?December 25th is Christmas Day. On Christmas Day, many people will have big parties. They like eating turkey(火鸡), fruits and drinking some juice for supper. After supper, many people will go out for shopping and walking (walk) with their children. There are a lot of special things: Christmas trees, socks, Christmas card and some presents. So in Christmas Day, all the families are very happy. 12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我国过春节。 举报 220.250.28.* 2009-3-2 下午12:31:55  zjw2004112 ——————————————————————————–  0 0 圣诞的一些传统和习俗吗?英文简短介绍?December 25th is Christmas Day. On Christmas Day, many people will have big parties. They like eating turkey(火鸡), fruits and drinking some juice for supper. After supper, many people will go out for shopping and walking (walk) with their children. There are a lot of special things: Christmas trees, socks, Christmas card and some presents. So in Christmas Day, all the families are very happy. 12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我国过春节。 圣诞节的由来耶稣的生日究竞是哪一天,其实早无据可查。为什么要把12月25日定为圣诞节呢?这是在5世纪中叶由教会规定的。公元354年,在“菲洛卡连”日历中第一次写明12月25日是耶稣的生日,到5世纪西方普遍接受了这个日期为圣诞节。 西方人以红、绿、白三色为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。它是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍伐来的杉、柏一类呈塔形的常青树装饰而成。上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞蜡烛。 红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。 注:不是英汉对照!上面是英文简介,下面是汉语资料! 举报 123.181.35.* 2009-3-2 下午12:40:51  wph401         0 0 圣诞节由来——中英文版“圣诞节”这个名称是“***弥撒”的缩写。弥撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。耶诞节是一个宗节我们把它当作耶苏的诞辰来庆祝,因而又名耶诞节。这一天,世界所有的***教会都举行特别的礼拜仪式。但是有很多圣诞节的欢庆活动和宗教并无半点关联。交换礼物,寄圣诞卡,这都使圣诞节成为一个普天同庆的日子。圣诞节是***教世界最大的节日。4世纪初,1月6日是罗马帝国东部各教会纪念那稣降生和受洗的双重节日、称为“主显节”Epiphany,亦称“显现节”即上帝通过那稣向世人显示自己。当时只有那路拉冷的教会例外,那里只纪念耶稣的诞生而不纪念那稣的受洗。后来历史学家们在罗马***徒习用的日历中发现公元354年12月25日页内记录着:“***降生在犹大的伯利恒。”经过研究,一般认为12月25日伴为圣诞节可能开始于公元336年的罗马教会)约在公元375年传到小亚细亚的安提阿,公元430年传到埃及的亚历山大里亚,那路撒冷的教会接受得最晚,而亚美尼亚的教会则仍然坚持1月6日主显节是那稣的诞辰。12月25日原来是波斯太阳神(即光明之神)密特拉(Mithra)的诞辰,是一个异教徒节日,同时太阳神也是罗马国教众神之一。这一天又是罗马历书的冬至节,崇拜太阳神的异教徒都把这一天当作春天的希望,万物复苏的开始。可能由于这个原因,罗马教会才选择这一天作为圣诞节。这是教会初期力图把异教徒的风俗习惯***教化的措施之一。后来,虽然大多数教会都接受12月25日为圣诞节,但又固各地教会使用的历书不同,具体日期不能统一,于是就把12月24日到第二年的1月6日定为圣诞节节期(ChristmasTide),各地教会可以根据当地具体情况在这段节期之内庆祝圣诞节。自从12月25日被大多数教会公认为圣诞节后,原来1月6日的主显节就只纪念耶稣受洗了,但天主教会又把1月6日定为“三王来朝节”,以纪念耶稣生时东方三王(即三位博士)来朝拜的故事。随着***教的广泛传播,圣诞节已成为各教派***徒,甚至广大非***徒群众的一个重要节日。在欧美许多国家里,人们非常重视这个节日,把它和新年连在一起,而庆祝活动之热闹与隆重大大超过了新年,成为一个全民的节日。12月25日的主要纪念活动都与那稣降生的传说有关。耶苏的出生是有一段故事的,耶苏是因着圣灵成孕,由童女马利亚所生的。神更派遣使者加伯列在梦中晓谕约瑟,叫他不要因为马利亚未婚怀孕而不要她,反而要与她成亲,把那孩子起名为“耶苏”,意思是要他把百姓从罪恶中救出来。当马利亚快要临盆的时候,罗马政府下了命令,全部人民到伯利恒务必申报户籍。约瑟和马利亚只好遵命。他们到达伯利恒时,天色已昏,无奈两人未能找到旅馆渡宿,只有一个马棚可以暂住。就在这时,耶苏要出生了!於是马利亚唯有在马槽上,生下耶苏。后人为纪念耶苏的诞生,便定十二月二十五为圣诞节,年年望弥撒,纪念耶苏的出世。圣诞节便是於十二月二十五日纪念耶苏的诞生,但真实的诞生日就没有人知道了。十九世纪,圣诞卡的流行、圣诞老人的出现,圣诞节也开始流行起来了。Origin of ChristmasThe name Christmas is short for 'Christ's Mass'. A Mass is a kind ofChurch service. Christmas is a religious festival. It is the day we celebrateas the birthday of Jesus.There are special Christmas services in Christian churches all over theworld. But many of the festivities of Christmas do not have anything todo with religion. Exchanging gifts and sending Christmas cards are themodern ways of celebrating the Christmas in the orld.The birth of Jesus had a story: In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin'sname was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she wasfound with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to puther away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angelof the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid totake Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call hisname, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quintus was governing Syria.So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also wentup out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the cityof David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and ofthe lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, whowas with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completedfor her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrappedhim in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was noroom for them in the inn.And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th,December every year. But nobody know the actual birthday of Jesus. Andthe Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenthCentury
  • 圣诞节的英文介绍哪有?越详细越好!

  • 问题补充:圣诞节的英文介绍哪有?越详细越好!
  • 圣诞的一些传统和习俗吗?英文简短介绍?December 25th is Christmas Day. On Christmas Day, many people will have big parties. They like eating turkey(火鸡), fruits and drinking some juice for supper. After supper, many people will go out for shopping and walking (walk) with their children. There are a lot of special things: Christmas trees, socks, Christmas card and some presents. So in Christmas Day, all the families are very happy. 12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我国过春节。 圣诞节的由来耶稣的生日究竞是哪一天,其实早无据可查。为什么要把12月25日定为圣诞节呢?这是在5世纪中叶由教会规定的。公元354年,在“菲洛卡连”日历中第一次写明12月25日是耶稣的生日,到5世纪西方普遍接受了这个日期为圣诞节。 西方人以红、绿、白三色为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。它是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍伐来的杉、柏一类呈塔形的常青树装饰而成。上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞蜡烛。 红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。 注:不是英汉对照!上面是英文简介,下面是汉语资料!
  • 关于圣诞节食物的英文介绍

  • 问题补充:关于圣诞节食物的英文介绍
  • Christmas FoodTurkey is often regarded as the usual Christmas meal but appeared on the menu only around 1650 after European colonisation of North America. It was introduced to Europe by Sebastian Cabot on his return from the New World. The bird got its name after merchants from Turkey made it a popular dish. Prior to this Swan, Goose, Peacock or Boar were associated with the Christmas feast. Traditional seasonal grub varies with geography and a large variety of dishes are enjoyed today. Australia:Christmas is in midsummer and lunch is often a barbecue of prawns, steak and chicken with ice cream or sorbet for desert, maybe cooked at the beach. Czech Republic: Traditionally the meal is eaten on Christmas Eve and consists of fish soup, salads, eggs and carp. The number of people at the table must be even or the one without a partner is supposed to be dead by next Christmas. Tricky if you dine alone! Finland:Traditional Christmas dinner will be a casserole of macaroni, rutabaga, carrot and potato, with ham or turkey. A mixed platter of meat and fish is also popular. After the meal it is traditional to have a sauna and then to visit the graves of relatives. Germany:Roast Goose is the favoured Christmas meal, accompanied by potatos, cabbage, carrots, parsnip and pickles. The meal is usually eaten on Christmas Eve. Rural southern Germany feast on game like wild boar and venison. Greenland:The Christmas feast may include Little Auks, (these are seabirds that are a bit like Penguins), wrapped in sealskin and buried for months until decomposed. Yum Yum! Italy: Christmas lunch can run to seven course including antipasto, a small portion of pasta, roast meat, two salads, two sweet puddings followed by cheese, fruit, brandy and chocolates. Phew! Jamaica: The traditional Christmas dinner is rice, gungo peas, chicken, ox tail and curried goat. Latvia:Christmas Dinner is cooked brown peas with bacon sauce, small pies, cabbage and sausage. Norway: The Christmas meal is eaten on Christmas Eve and for coastal regions is traditionally cod, haddock and lutefisk. Inland pork chops, Christmas meatloaf and special sausages are eaten. Farmers leave a bowl of nisse (gruel) in barns on Christmas Eve for the magic Gnome who protects their farms. Portugal:A special Christmas meal is salted dry cod-fish with boiled potatoes eaten at midnight on Christmas Eve. Russia:Christmas food includes cakes, pies and meat dumplings. The mythical Babouschka is enjoying a resurgence following the ban under Communism. She brings gifts to Russian children rather than Santa Claus. South Africa: Christmas is during the hot summer season but the traditional turkey dinner with all the trimmings is eaten at Christmas. Sweden: A Smorgasbord Christmas meal eaten on Christmas Eve includes varieties of shellfish, pork, cooked and raw herring fish, caviar, cheeses and brown beans. Ukraine: Huge meat broths are eaten on Christmas Eve after which children await "Father Frost" to bring presents. United Kingdom:Christmas Pudding and Mince Pies are top grub. The largest Christmas Pudding weighed 7,231 pounds (3.28 tonnes) and was made at Aughton, Lancashire on 11 July 1992. The largest Mince Pie weighed 2,260 pounds (1.02 tonnes) and measured 6.1m X 1.5m. It was baked in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire on 15 October 1932. Sadly the Pie was destroyed in a German air raid when the pilot of a Stuka dive-bomber mistook it for a train. (Actually, that last bit is untrue – but it could have happened…) USA:Christmas lunch is often in small town and rural America goose, turkey, a variety of vegetables, squash, and pumpkin pie are traditionally eaten . The USA has such a range of immigrant cultures that just about every type of food is eaten someplace at Christmas.
  • 求圣诞节英文介绍?

  • 问题补充:求圣诞节英文介绍?
  • 圣诞节的传说:童贞女受孕上帝之子 Christmas Day-December 25-which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, the founder of the Christian religion, is the biggest and best-loved holiday in the Christian World. According to the Bible, the holy book of Christians, God decided to allow his only son, Jesus Christ, to be born to a human mother and live on earth so that people could understand God better and learn to love God and each other more. "Christmas"- meaning "celebration of Christ "- honors the time when Jesus was born to a young Jewish woman Mary. Mary was engaged to be married to Joseph, a carpenter, but before they came together, she was found to be with child. Because Joseph, her husband, was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins." Although the exact date of the birth of Jesus nearly 2,000 years ago is not known, the calendar on the supposed date divides all time into B.C. (Before Christ )and A.D. ( a Latin phrase, Anno Domini, "in the year of our Lord.") For the first 300 years, Jesus' birthday was celebrated on different dates. Finally, in the year 354, church leaders chose December 25 as his birthday. 参考译文(来自互联网) 12月25日的圣诞节是庆祝基督教创始人耶稣基督生日的日子,是基督教世界最大的、人们最喜爱的节日。 据基督教徒的圣书《圣经》说,上帝决定让他的独生子耶稣基督投生人间,找个母亲,然后就在人间生活,以便人们能更好地了解上帝、学习热爱上帝和更好地相互热爱。“圣诞节”的意思是“庆祝基督”,庆祝一个年轻的犹太妇女玛丽娅生下耶稣的时刻。 玛丽娅已和木匠约瑟夫订婚。可是,在他们同居之前,约瑟夫发现玛丽娅已怀孕。因为约瑟夫是个正派的人,又不想把这件事说出去让她丢脸,所以他想悄悄地和她分手。 他正在考虑这事时,上帝的天使出现在他的梦中,对他说,“不要嘀咕了,把玛丽娅娶回家。她怀的孩子来自圣灵。她将生下个男孩子,你们给孩子起名叫耶稣,因为他将从罪恶中拯救人们。” 尽管耶稣的确切生日并不清楚,大约是在2000年前,但是日历按着假定日期把时间分为公元前(耶稣基督诞生前)和公元后(A.D. 是拉丁文缩写,意思是“有了我们主–耶稣的年代”)。在公元后的头三百年间,耶稣的生日是在不同的日子庆祝的。最后,在公元354年,教堂的领导人把12月25日定为耶稣基督的生日。 The History of Christmas The history of Christmas dates back over 4000 years. Many of our Christmas traditions were celebrated centuries before the Christ child was born. The 12 days of Christmas, the bright fires, the yule log, the giving of gifts, carnivals(parades) with floats, carolers who sing while going from house to house, the holiday feasts, and the church processions can all be traced back to the early Mesopotamians. Many of these traditions began with the Mesopotamian celebration of New Years. The Mesopotamians believed in many gods, and as their chief god – Marduk. Each year as winter arrived it was believed that Marduk would do battle with the monsters of chaos. To assist Marduk in his struggle the Mesopotamians held a festival for the New Year. This was Zagmuk, the New Year's festival that lasted for 12 days. The Mesopotamian king would return to the temple of Marduk and swear his faithfulness to the god. The traditions called for the king to die at the end of the year and to return with Marduk to battle at his side. To spare their king, the Mesopotamians used the idea of a "mock" king. A criminal was chosen and dressed in royal clothes. He was given all the respect and privileges of a real king. At the end of the celebration the "mock" king was stripped of the royal clothes and slain, sparing the life of the real king. The Persians and the Babylonians celebrated a similar festival called the Sacaea. Part of that celebration included the exchanging of places, the slaves would become the masters and the masters were to obey. Early Europeans believed in evil spirits, witches, ghosts and trolls. As the Winter Solstice approached, with its long cold nights and short days, many people feared the sun would not return. Special rituals and celebrations were held to welcome back the sun. In Scandinavia during the winter months the sun would disappear for many days. After thirty-five days scouts would be sent to the mountain tops to look for the return of the sun. When the first light was seen the scouts would return with the good news. A great festival would be held, called the Yuletide, and a special feast would be served around a fire burning with the Yule log. Great bonfires would also be lit to celebrate the return of the sun. In some areas people would tie apples to branches of trees to remind themselves that spring and summer would return. The ancient Greeks held a festival similar to that of the Zagmuk/Sacaea festivals to assist their god Kronos who would battle the god Zeus and his Titans. The Roman's celebrated their god Saturn. Their festival was called Saturnalia which began the middle of December and ended January 1st. With cries of "Jo Saturnalia!" the celebration would include masquerades in the streets, big festive meals, visiting friends, and the exchange of good-luck gifts called Strenae (lucky fruits). The Romans decked their halls with garlands of laurel and green trees lit with candles. Again the masters and slaves would exchange places. "Jo Saturnalia!" was a fun and festive time for the Romans, but the Christians though it an abomination to honor the pagan god. The early Christians wanted to keep the birthday of their Christ child a solemn and religious holiday, not one of cheer and merriment as was the pagan Saturnalia. But as Christianity spread they were alarmed by the continuing celebration of pagan customs and Saturnalia among their converts. At first the Church forbid this kind of celebration. But it was to no avail. Eventually it was decided that the celebration would be tamed and made into a celebration fit for the Christian Son of God. Some legends claim that the Christian "Christmas" celebration was invented to compete against the pagan celebrations of December. The 25th was not only sacred to the Romans but also the Persians whose religion Mithraism was one of Christianity's main rivals at that time. The Church eventually was successful in taking the merriment, lights, and gifts from the Saturanilia festival and bringing them to the celebration of Christmas. The exact day of the Christ child's birth has never been pinpointed. Traditions say that it has been celebrated since the year 98 AD. In 137 AD the Bishop of Rome ordered the birthday of the Christ Child celebrated as a solemn feast. In 350 AD another Bishop of Rome, Julius I, choose December 25th as the observance of Christmas. 参考: 圣诞节来历: 每年12月25日是全世界大多数基督徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子。 教会开始并无圣诞节,约在耶稣升天后百余年内才有。据说:第一个圣诞节是在公元138年,由罗马主教圣克里门倡议举行。而教会史载第一个圣诞节则在公元336年。由于圣经未明记耶稣生于何时,故各地圣诞节日期各异。直到公元440年,才由罗马教廷定12月25日为圣诞节。公元1607年,世界各地教会领袖在伯利恒聚会,进一步予以确定,从此世界大多数的基督徒均以12月25日为圣诞节。其实哪一天并不要紧,重要的是应该知道它是为纪念救主耶稣降生。 由于圣经记载耶稣生于夜间,故传统称12月24日夜为"圣诞夜"或"平安夜"。 耶稣的降生,有旧约先知预言:"必有童女怀孕生子,给他起名叫以马内利(意思为'上帝与我们同在')。"(以赛亚书7章14节,圣经下同) 耶稣降生时,有天使报信:"不要惧怕,我给你们大喜的信息,是关乎万民的;因今天在大卫的城里,为你们生了救主,就是主基督。你们要看见一个婴孩,包着布,卧在马槽里,那就是记号了。"(路加福音2章10-12节) 耶稣降生时,有博士朝拜,"他们看见那星就大大地欢喜。进了房子,看见小孩子和他母亲马利亚,就俯伏拜那小孩子,揭开宝盒,手拿黄金、乳香、没药为礼物献给他。"(马太福音2章10-11节) 耶稣,意指"上帝拯救",因为圣经说:"世人都犯了罪,亏缺了上帝的荣耀。"(罗马书3章23节)罪使人离开生命的源头,宇宙万物的主宰。罪使人失去公义、仁爱,变得自私、骄傲、贪婪、邪恶。罪破坏人与上帝、人与人之间和睦的关系,使人活在无可奈何的痛苦之中。罪使人将来要面对永远的刑罚和痛苦,"人人都有一死,死后且有审判。"(希伯来书9章27节)因为上帝是圣洁、公义的! 但是,上帝又是慈爱的主,他赐给世人自己的独生子–耶稣基督,成为人的样式(就是圣诞),作我们的救赎主,他要将自己的百姓从罪恶里救出来。(马太福音1章21节)他代替了我们的软弱,担当了我们的罪的刑罚。"上帝使我们众人的罪孽都归到他身上",(以赛亚书53章6节)为我们的罪钉死在十字架上。 今天,只要你悔改自己的罪,相信他,接受他做你个人的救主,你的罪就被赦免了,你与上帝就恢复了那起初和睦的关系,你就得了永远的生命。今天你接受耶稣在你的心里,今天就是你的圣诞节,愿上帝今年赐给你一个特别的圣诞节! 各国圣诞节习俗: 法国法国中部的色日尔斯地方,每年圣诞节前后几天必降大雪,白雪皑皑,令人清新。在西方人眼里,白色圣诞是一种吉祥。在法国,马槽是最富有特色的圣诞标志,因为相传耶稣是诞生在马槽旁的。人们大唱颂赞耶稣的圣诞歌之后,必须开怀畅饮,香槟和白兰地是法国传统的圣诞美酒。 芬兰芬兰在12月圣诞节前后,漫山遍野都是怒放的紫罗兰,掩映在白色的大地上,望去一片紫红色,紫色圣诞使人心旷神怡。 英国和德国英国人和德国人一样,圣诞节喝啤酒,吃烤鹅,他们更喜欢利用圣诞节假日外出旅游。 美国美国人过圣诞节着重家庭布置,安置圣诞树,在袜子中塞满礼物,吃以火鸡为主的圣诞大菜,举行家庭舞会。 瑞士瑞士人在圣诞节前4个星期,就将4支巨型的蜡烛点燃,放在由树枝装饰成的一个环里,每周点1支,当点燃第4支后,圣诞节就到了。 丹麦丹麦人对不合意的圣诞礼物,可去商店兑换价格相似的其他商品。 澳大利亚澳大利亚是南半球的国家之一。12月底,正当西欧各国在寒风呼啸中欢度圣诞节时,澳大利亚正是热不可耐的仲夏时节。因此在澳大利亚过圣诞节,到处可以看见光着上身汗水涔涔的小伙子和穿超短裙的姑娘,与商店橱窗里精心布置的冬日雪景、挂满雪花的圣诞树和穿红棉袄的圣诞老人,构成澳大利亚特有的节日图景。这种酷暑和严冬景象的强烈对比,恐怕在西方国家是独一无二的。父母给子女最好的圣诞礼物,莫过于一副小水划。圣诞节弄潮是澳大利亚的一大特征。节日晚上,带着饮料到森林里举行“巴别居”野餐。人们用石头垒的露天灶中用枯树枝生火、上面架一块铁板,把香肠、牛肉、鲜鱼等放上去煎。吃饱喝足后,就跳起“迪斯科”或“袋鼠舞”,一直闹到深夜才结束。喝醉了的,便往草地上一躺,在如雷的鼾声中迎接圣诞老人的莅临。 波兰在波兰每年12月25日、26日举行,家家户户都要装饰圣诞树,大街小巷都有圣诞树上的装饰品出卖。节日里亲友之间相互祝贺,互赠礼品,表示友好。晚间吃饭时桌布下边要放一些草,以示耶稣的降生。晚饭很丰富,但不能吃肉。夜间12时后,全家去教堂礼拜。圣诞节期间,一般不到别人家中做客,但主人盛情邀请者例外。 保加利亚据保加利亚的历法,圣诞节是灵魂出没、妖邪猖狂的日子。因此,人们要借助火来驱妖镇邪。圣诞节前夜,家家都燃起火堆,一直燃到天亮,不得熄灭,否则会招来横祸。由男人取圣诞木点火进屋并高声念道:“圣诞节降临,牛、羊、猪、马长满圈,麦苗出满垅,人人走好运。”在屋里等候的人则齐声回答:“阿门!”
  • 求圣诞节的英文介绍

  • 问题补充:求圣诞节的英文介绍
  • the name christmas is short for christ's mass. a mass is a kind of church service. christmas is a religious festival. it is the day we celebrate as the birthday of jesus. there are special christmas services in christian churches all over the world. but many of the festivities of christmas do not have anything to do with religion. exchanging gifts and sending christmas cards are the modern ways of celebrating the christmas in the world. the birth of jesus had a story: in nazareth, a city of galilee. the virgin's name was mary was betrothed to joseph. before they came together, she was found with child of the holy spirit. joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. while he thought about these things, gabriel, an angel of the lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take mary as wife. and mary will bring forth a son, and he shall call his name, jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. before jesus births, joseph and mary came to quirnius was governing syria. so all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. joseph also went up out of galilee, out of the city of nazareth, into judea, to the city of david, which is called bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of david, to be registered with mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. so it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to bedelivered. and she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. and that, christmas is the feast of the nativity of jesus, is on 25th, december every year. but nobody know the actual birthday of jesus. and the christmas has become popular when christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly santa claus was first made popular in nineteenth century. 每年的12月25日,是基督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。 从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,是西方国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我国过春节。 西方人以红、绿、白三色为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。它是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍伐来的杉、柏一类呈塔形的常青树装饰而成。上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞蜡烛。 红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。 圣诞节在19世纪由国外传教士引入中囯。圣诞节几乎巳家喻户晓。许多人在自己的住所里用漂亮的金属小饰片,纸花,纸环,纸灯笼点缀着圣诞树,晚上吃上他们的火鸡大餐。商家们也会不失时机,大作商品促销策划,商店店员扮成圣诞老人散发精美小礼品和糖果,一些西餐厅更以节日作为卖点,以此招揽生意。 基督教堂在圣诞夜时就会门庭若市。尽管在中国信奉基督教的人为数不多,但仍有一千万受过洗礼的基督教徒。一到圣诞节,这些教徒即前往教堂同庆耶稣诞辰。午夜时分的礼拜,备受非基督教徒青睐,纷纷前往教堂满足其好奇心。当然,教士也不失时机地向来者讲述基督降生于伯利恒–马槽的故事。 Merry Christmas, my best friend. 祝我的挚友圣诞快乐。 给你的情侣 A Christmas greeting to cheer you, my good friend. 希望圣诞祝福给你带来欢乐,我的好朋友。 We will be having Christmas at Wang Ping's this year. You are welcome to join us! 今年我们要在王平家过圣诞,欢迎你也来! Take your passion and make it come true. 发挥你的热情,让理想变为现实。 I hope we can spend the holidays together. 希望我们能一起过圣诞节。 To Hong from your good friends at Peking U. 送给红——北大的一群好友。 Best of luck in the year to come. 愿你在未来的一年里,吉星高照。 Wish all the best wishes for you. 献上最美好的祝愿。 Wish many good wishes for the holidays and the coming year. 新的一年,向你献上最诚挚的祝福。 Wishing you all the blessings of a beautiful Christmas season. 愿你拥有美丽的圣诞所有的祝福。 May its blessings lead into a wonderful year for you and all whom you hold dear. 祝福你及你所爱的人新的一年中万事如意。 To wish you special joy at the holidays and all year. 祝你在节日和新的一年中享有无限的快乐。 给你的情侣 To Mr. Claus from Mrs. Claus. 圣诞老奶奶祝福圣诞老爷爷。 Don't stand under the mistletoe with anyone else but me. 除了我,不要和任何人站在槲寄生上。 To my dearest love on this joyous Christmas. 值此欢乐佳节,献给我的心上人。 For this and many Christmas to come. 为了这一个,也为了更多即将来临的圣诞节。 On this Christmas I have but one thing to say: I love you. 值此圣诞佳节,我只有一句话要告诉你:我爱你 You're the best Christmas present I ever received. 你是我所收到的最好的圣诞礼物。 I only want you for Christmas! 我只要你作为我的圣诞礼物! I give all my love to you this Christmas. 值此圣诞佳节,献上我对你所有的爱。 Even though we are apart, you are in my heart this Christmas. 千山万水,隔不断我在佳节对你的思念。 I want you stuffed in my stocking. 我只要你塞在我的袜子里。 I want to be in your arms this Christmas. 我要在你的怀抱里度过今年的圣诞节。 My heart is my Christmas present to you. 我的心就是我奉献给你的圣诞礼物。 You are the one for me this Christmas and for many Christmas to come. 在此圣诞节和未来的每个圣诞节里,你都是我唯一的爱! I will be yours forever! 我永远属于你! Let's never spend our Christmas apart. 让我们永不独享圣诞节。 My arms are wide open for you this Christmas. 我张开双臂,盼与你共度圣诞佳节。 Here's a tender Christmas kiss from you know who. 你的心上人献给你一个温柔的圣诞之吻。 I'm only thinking of you this Christmas. 在此圣诞佳节,唯有你在心中。 I hope all of our Christmases are this bright! 愿我们所有的圣诞节都如此欢快明亮! I want to wish you longevity and health. 愿您福寿安康。 Wishing you a long life. 愿您长命百岁。 I hope that this next year will be as healthy as the last. 我希望您今年跟去年一样健康。 May you both live a long and healthy life. 愿二老福寿安康。 May good health follow you throughout the year.Happy New Year. 愿您今年健健康康。新年愉快。 I hope this year is as happy as the last. 我希望您今年跟去年一样快乐。 You have been healthy for so many years. I hope you have just as many more. 这些年来,您的身体一直非常好。我愿您更加健康。 I know that you have many more happy years to come. 我知道您还有许多更快乐的日子。 Live long and prosper! 多福多寿! Mom and Dad: Thank you for everything this holiday season! 爸爸妈妈:值此佳节,感谢您们所给予的一切。 I'll be home to enjoy this Christmas with you. 我将回家与你们共度佳节。 A present from me is on the way. Hope you'll like it. 寄上一份礼物,希望你们会喜欢。 I wish I were home for the holidays. 但愿我能回家共度佳节。 Thinking of you at Christmas time. 圣诞佳节,我想念你们。 Warmest thoughts and best wishes from your daughter. 寄上无限的思念和最美好的祝愿,你们的女儿。 Season's greetings from XXX. 献上XXX的节日问候。 A holiday wish from your son XX. 寄上佳节的祝福,你们的儿子 敬上。 May you have the best Christmas ever. 愿你过个最愉快的圣诞节。 A Christmas greeting to cheer you from your daughter. 愿女儿的祝福带给您欢乐。 Merry Christmas to the world's best parents! 祝世界上最好的父母圣诞快乐! Season's greetings to my dearest parents! 祝我最亲爱的父母节日愉快!    Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christ's birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special religious services. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees. The word Christmas comes from Cristes maesse, an early English phrase that means Mass of Christ. The story of Christmas comes chiefly from the Gospels of Saint Luke and Saint Matthew in the New Testament. The history of Christmas dates back over 4000 years. Many of our Christmas traditions were celebrated centuries before the Christ child was born. The 12 days of Christmas, the bright fires, the yule log, the giving of gifts, carnivals(parades) with floats, carolers who sing while going from house to house, the holiday feasts, and the church processions can all be traced back to the early Mesopotamians. Many of these traditions began with the Mesopotamian celebration of New Years. The Mesopotamians believed in many gods, and as their chief god-Marduk. Each year as winter arrived it was believed that Marduk would do battle with the monsters of chaos. To assist Marduk in his struggle the Mesopotamians held a festival for the New Year. This was Zagmuk, the New Year's festival that lasted for 12 days. The Persians and the Babylonians celebrated a similar festival called the Sacaea. Part of that celebration included the exchanging of places, the slaves would become the masters and the masters were to obey. The ancient Greeks held a festival similar to that of the Zagmuk/Sacaea festivals to assist their god Kronos who would battle the god Zeus and his Titans. The Roman's celebrated their god Saturn. Their festival was called Saturnalia which began the middle of December and ended January 1st. With cries of "Jo Saturnalia!" the celebration would include masquerades in the streets, big festive meals, visiting friends, and the exchange of good-luck gifts called Strenae (lucky fruits). The Romans decked their halls with garlands of laurel and green trees lit with candles. Again the masters and slaves would exchange places. "Jo Saturnalia!" was a fun and festive time for the Romans, but the Christians thought it an abomination to honor the pagan god. The early Christians wanted to keep the birthday of their Christ child a solemn and religious holiday, not one of cheer and merriment as was the pagan Saturnalia. Some legends claim that the Christian "Christmas" celebration was invented to compete against the pagan celebrations of December. The 25th was not only sacred
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